Advantages of having a top-notch floor drill press
Floor drill presses have a few distinct advantages over handheld and benchtop drill presses that make them an essential tool for any workshop. First off, a floor press is a lot steadier than any other type of drill. Even if you operate it at extremely fast rates, you can count on it to have no vibrations, which will help to get a much more accurate hole drilled.
Floor models also have a wider range of speed options in comparison to other drill types. Handheld drills usually only offer two, while benchtop drills can only offer you ten different speeds. Floor models regularly offer between twelve and sixteen-speed settings, which helps to make them great for a wider range of drilling needs.
Floor model drills will also make it a lot easier to a lot of holes in a short amount of time without having to adjust the drill at all. This will make your work that much easier, and speed up the assembly process on all of your projects.
Features to consider when looking for a floor drill press
There are several key features that you need to take into consideration when you are looking for a drill press. In this section, you will learn everything that you need to know to find the best floor drill press.
The power of the motor on any drill press will help to determine what type of drilling you will be able to accomplish. Obviously, the more power you have, the more materials you will be able to drill through. Motor power is shown as HP or Horsepower. Most floor models have a ¾ HP motor, with the most powerful being up to 1.5 HP.
Of course, this power doesn’t come without a price.
The more powerful the motor, the more expensive the drill is going to be. If you are looking to save a bit of money and are only going to be drilling wood, then you could get by with ¾ HP motor.
On the other hand, if you are looking to drill metal, you should opt for a more powerful motor.
Speed is usually expressed in RPM, or Rotations Per Minute. The higher the RPM, the faster the drill press will be able to rotate, which will increase the speed at which you can drill. Most drill presses have a pretty wide speed range, though some will go higher or lower than others.
Low speeds are better for jobs that require more power, such as metalwork, while faster speeds are better for drilling wood. If you are a DIYer, then you can probably get by with a smaller speed range, since you won’t need to complete as many different projects as a professional contractor. This will help to save you a bit of money off the purchase price of your drill press.
Number of Speeds
The ability to select a wide range of different speeds is one of the most important distinctions between floor drill presses and benchtop/handheld models. You’ll want to make sure that the speed levels are easy to switch between since this will help to speed up your projects. Again, the more the speed levels, the higher the price of the press will be.
The quill on a drill press is the hollow tube that surrounds the spindle. The spindle is the rotating shaft that the chuck is mounted on. A mechanism allows the quill to be lowered and raised based when you are drilling. This, along with the length of the drill bit you are using, will help to determine how long of a whole you will be able to drill.
If you are looking to drill thin materials, then you don’t need to have a quill with a wide travel range. If you want to drill larger materials, then you will need a press with a larger quill travel range.
The drilling capacity of any drill press is determined by the largest piece of a material that can be center drilled. This will be determined by the size of the table on the press and how far it is away from the support pole that holds up the drill. The larger the gap between the support column and the drill, the larger the capacity. This is also determined by how far away you can move the table from the drill itself.
The chuck on any drill press is the three-jawed clamp that you tighten to hold the bit evenly and securely so that you can drill with precision. The size of the chuck on your new press will determine how large holes are that you can drill can be, since larger chucks can hold larger bits.
If you are looking to drill large holes, then you will need a larger chuck. It is probably a good idea to look for a larger size chuck right off the bat, since they can always be tightened to a smaller size, but they cannot be made larger. That way, you will be covered for pretty much any type of drilling needs.
Work table dimensions
The size of the work table on a drill press is going to determine the size of the materials that you will be able to drill on your press. If you have a larger table, then you will be able to conveniently drill larger pieces. Of course, larger tables also take up a lot more room than a smaller table and will cost more. If you’re unhappy with the size of your work table, you can always get a drill press table better suited your needs.
Built-in work light
While a built-in work light is not an essential feature on a drill press, it will make your life a lot easier. A light on the press will make it a lot easier to make sure that you are drilling in the right spot, which will help keep your projects as precise as possible.
Dimensions and weight
The only real downside for this type of drill press is that they are usually quite large and very heavy. If you have a smaller shop, then you will want to shoot for a drill press with a smaller overall size, so that it doesn’t take over space.
As far as the weight is concerned, the heavier the press, the more stable it will be at high speeds.
Of course, with some of the heavier models, you won’t be able to move them on your own if they are too heavy, so be sure to have a convenient spot in mind before you make your final decision.
Like all power tools, drill presses have lots of different moving parts that could fail over time, even if you properly maintain them. To try to avoid expensive repairs, you should look for a good warranty. Just be certain to read the fine print carefully, as some companies have very specific parts that they will or will not replace.